The deck of a house is a wooden platform built above the ground and connected to the main building. In architecture, a deck is a flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor, but typically constructed outdoors, often elevated from the ground, and usually connected to a building. Decking can be used as part of garden landscaping, or to extend living areas of houses, or as an alternative to stone based features such as patios.

Usually, Redwood and Cedar were considered the only options as the decking material but today’s decking materials have given us a lot of options.



Pressure-treated woods are made of fir diffused with anti-rot and insecticide agents. Decks made with pressure-treated woods are a relatively low-cost project with an estimated cost of $4.35 per sq. ft (excluding labor). The basic brown color of these kinds of decks can be enhanced with stain. Pressure-treated lumber can last for decades but it requires refinishing with a clear sealer or stain every other year.


Cedar Decks are long-lasting, inexpensive, and easy to install. There is no match of the natural beauty of the real wood. Purchase darker-colored heartwood for this job as it has more heartwood than the typical “construction common” wood. Cedar Decks require refinishing every year and have a lifetime of around 15 to 20 years. The typical cost of cedar decking is $5.75 per sq. ft. (excluding labor).


The first thing that comes to mind when we hear about decking is redwood. It is an expensive choice to opt (Costs around $9.75 per sq. ft. excluding labor’s expenses). Only high-grade decking lumber and a little cream-colored sapwood are selected for these decks. The dark-colored heartwood is rot-resistant so you can expect a lifetime of 15 to 20 years from redwood decks.


Vinyl or polyvinyl decking is the latest gem in the decking industry and it is as close to maintenance-free decking as decking can ever be. There is no wood content in the PVC as it has a cellular core wrapped with an exterior layer of solid PVC. These decks have a warranty of 25 years and available in white, gray, browns, and tans. It costs around  $9.50 per sq. ft. for hollow core and $12.50 solid core.


Composite Decking is an attractive yet low-maintenance material – A mixture of wood fiber amalgamated with recycled polyethylene. They have a variety in colors and most of its textures resemble closely to real wood. The biggest advantage of installing composite decking is that it also offers a wide range of design options along with the colors. There is a special apparatus available that is used to heat planks so they can be bent to make eye-catching in-laid designs.

  • IPE

Ipe is the most beautiful hardwood imported mainly from South America. It is naturally rot-resistant and durable (can last for 25 years or more). It is extremely hard to install, therefore its installation cost is higher than the others.

As it is imported, its prices can fluctuate but on average it costs up to $20 per sq.ft for material and its laboring cost is also high.

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